If there is one thing that is known to give people a distinct look when it comes to physical appearance then it is skin color. Since we human beings are very diverse, we come in different colors shapes and sizes. Some people have lighter skin complexion while others have darker complexion. In all the major regions of the world, differences based on one’s skin tone have always brought shifts amongst people. Be it in Europe, America, Africa or Asia. Skin tone has been a major factor in how people relate with each other. In metropolitan areas where there are different groups of people living together, it’s not uncommon to find people been discriminated against because of their skin color. In North America and in particular the United States, racial discrimination has been around since Christopher Columbus landed on American shores. After his “discovery” of America many Europeans moved from the old world that was Europe to the new world that was America in search of a better life. Once they landed on American soil, they were surprised to find the Native Americans whom looked different than them. In North America, the European explorers called these native Americans red Indians because of their distinct color. Because their skin color and other physical features looked different, the Europeans saw these Native Americans as been inferior and subjected them to many things which to this day are deemed as genocidal.
Another historical event in North America which was sparked by skin color differences was the enslavement of African people in what has been referred to as the Trans Atlantic slavery. It all started way back in the 14th century when the pope in Vatican send out his explorers to go spread Christian gospel in all corners of the globe. One of these crusaders found himself on the West African coast where to his surprise the people he met looked very different and had dark complexion. Like many religious people of that era, he thought of the Africans he met as been the descendants of Cain who was cursed by God after killing his brother as mentioned in the bible. Many religious people at that time believed the mark Cain was given to separate him from others was dark skin. Because of these religious believes, many European explorers started taking Africans by force and enslaving them in Europe. After the European explorers discovered of the existence of the Americas, the enslavement of African people became widespread and was done on a large scale basis. In Brazil and United States is where many enslaved Africans ended up, where to this day the descendants of those enslaved Africans continue to suffer in many ways all because of their skin color.
In the Middle East and Asia, discrimination based on skin color is also prevalent. In Middle East, most Arabs believe that people of darker complexion are inferior and are only supposed to be servants for them. It’s primarily because of this Arabs engaged in what came to be known as the Trans Saharan slave trade. Whereby they would kidnap Africans in many sub Saharan countries and transport them to North Africa and the Middle East where they would use them as slaves. India is also another place where discrimination based on one’s skin color is very much practiced. So much so that Indians societies to this day are divided along caste lines. Those who are light skinned or of fair complexion are seen as the elites in Indian societies while those who are dark skinned are deemed as the lower unwanted out castes in society. In India those in the lowest castes are known as the untouchables. Brazil is also another place where discrimination based on one’s skin color is common. Even though most Brazilians claim to be color blind, it is clear economically and socially their country is divided along racial lines. People of European descent there are the ones in power while the majority masses of poor people of African and Amerindian heritage are poor living in slums called favelas. Good thing about discrimination based on one’s skin color is it is becoming less of a problem as more people become educated.